Relación entre psicosis y experiencias traumáticas tempranas

  1. Nuria Ordóñez Camblor 1
  2. Serafín Lemos Giráldez 1
  3. María de las Mercedes Paino Piñeiro 1
  4. Eduardo Fonseca Pedrero 2
  5. Leticia García Alvarez 1
  6. Juan Pablo Pizarro Ruiz 3
  1. 1 Universidad de Oviedo
    info

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España

    ROR https://ror.org/006gksa02

  2. 2 Universidad de La Rioja
    info

    Universidad de La Rioja

    Logroño, España

    ROR https://ror.org/0553yr311

  3. 3 Universidad de Burgos
    info

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

Journal:
Anuario de psicología

ISSN: 0066-5126

Year of publication: 2014

Volume: 44

Issue: 3

Pages: 283-294

Type: Article

Abstract

Estudios previos han destacado el papel de las experiencias traumáticas tempranas como un factor predisponente importante de gran variedad de alteraciones psicopatológicas. Sin embargo, el papel del trauma en el desarrollo de la psicosis es un área poco estudiada a día de hoy, especialmente en nuestro país. En este sentido, el objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la prevalencia de diferentes experiencias traumáticas tempranas en una muestra clínica de 48 pacientes psicóticos (31 varones y 17 mujeres) y estudiar el posible efecto que dichas experiencias tienen en el curso y en la evolución de los trastornos psicóticos. Los resultados mostraron que el 75% de los pacientes estudiados refirieron historia previa de trauma, no existiendo entre varones y mujeres importantes diferencias en la prevalencia de dichas experiencias. Sí se encontraron diferencias en la presencia de sintomatología positiva, siendo más frecuente en los pacientes con historia previa de experiencias traumáticas. Estos resultados ponen de manifiesto la relación existente entre experiencias traumáticas tempranas y psicosis, sin embargo, aún hay que seguir profundizando en el estudio de dicha relación para estudiar cómo afecta al curso y a la evolución de los trastornos psicóticos.

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