Early and Middle Pleistocene hominins from Atapuerca (Spain) show differences in dental developmental patterns

  1. Modesto-Mata, Mario 14
  2. Garcia-Gonzalez, Rebeca 5
  3. Quintino, Yuliet 5
  4. Garcia-Campos, Cecilia 123
  5. de Pinillos, Marina Martinez 1
  6. Martin-Frances, Laura 167
  7. Martinon-Torres, Maria 123
  8. Heuze, Yann 67
  9. Carbonell, Eudald 88
  10. Arsuaga, Juan Luis 9910
  11. Dean, M. Christopher 2311
  12. Bermudez de Castro, Jose Maria 123
  1. 1 Centro Nacional de Investigacion de La Evolucion Humana (CENIEH)
  2. 2 University of London

    University of London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    ROR https://ror.org/04cw6st05

  3. 3 University College London

    University College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    ROR https://ror.org/02jx3x895

  4. 4 Casa Cultura Rodriguez Monino
  5. 5 Universidad de Burgos

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

  6. 6 UDICE-French Research Universities
  7. 7 University of Bordeaux

    University of Bordeaux

    Burdeos, Francia

    ROR https://ror.org/057qpr032

  8. 8 Universitat Rovira i Virgili

    Universitat Rovira i Virgili

    Tarragona, España

    ROR https://ror.org/00g5sqv46

  9. 9 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    ROR 02p0gd045

  10. 10 UCM-ISCIII Center for Human Evolution & Behavior
  11. 11 Natural History Museum London
American journal of biological anthropology

ISSN: 2692-7691

Année de publication: 2022

Volumen: 178

Número: 2

Pages: 273-285

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1002/AJPA.24487 WoS: WOS:000796259400007 GOOGLE SCHOLAR


The Bayesian statistical approach considers teeth as forming a developmental module, as opposed to a tooth-by-tooth analysis. This approach has been employed to analyze Upper Pleistocene hominins, including Neandertals and some anatomically modern humans, but never earlier populations. Here, we show its application on five hominins from the TD6.2 level of the Gran Dolina site (Homo antecessor, Early Pleistocene) and the Sima de los Huesos site (Middle Pleistocene) of the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, northern Spain). Our results show an advanced development of the third molars in both populations with respect to modern Homo sapiens. In addition, the Sima de los Huesos hominins differ from H. sapiens and H. antecessor in the relatively advanced development of their second molar. The relative mineralization of I1/M1 in H. antecessor appears to be similar to that of modern humans, as opposed to that of Neandertals, which appear to be unique. These observations, combined with reduced enamel formation times and the advanced development of the third molars, appear to indicate a shorter ontogenetic period in the hominins from Gran Dolina and Sima de los Huesos in comparison to modern human average.