Caídas previas y riesgo de caídas en relación a la fragilidad

  1. Miriam Santamaría Peláez 1
  2. Jerónimo González Bernal 2
  3. Josefa González Santos 1
  4. Maha Jahouh 1
  5. Carla Collazo Riobó
  1. 1 Universidad de Burgos
    info

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

  2. 2 Universida de Burgos
Journal:
International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología

ISSN: 0214-9877

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 2

Issue: 1

Pages: 291-298

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17060/IJODAEP.2019.N1.V2.1442 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

This descriptive transversal research studies the relationship between number of falls in the last month and fall risk on one side; and frailty situation in older adults on the other side; through a 194 old institutionalized people sample. Frailty is measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery; previous falls in the last month are measured with the number of events, and fall risk with Downton scale. The results do not show any significant differences in frailty groups related to the number of previous falls in the last month. However, significant differences do exist between frailty groups established in SPPB and fall risk; then, since descriptive results, they show how the arithmetical averages in fall risk increase as the continuum robust-prefrail-frail-dependent advances towards dependency. Concerning differences between groups, it is found that dependent group has got significant differences with all other (p=,001), there are significant differences also in frail-robust (p=,003). In opposition, the relation frail-prefrail and frail-robust do not show any significant differences Results allow the detection of high level fall risk population, which enables early intervention implementations aimed to falls prevention based on differences found between groups.

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