Conocimiento, experimentación y uso habitual de las terapias complementarias en función del nivel de estudios en la ciudad de Burgos

  1. Azucena Santillán-García
  2. Nuria Estébanez-Lucio
  3. Juan José Sáenz-Guerricaboitia
  4. Sandra Corral-Puente
  5. Elena Rodríguez-Sierra
Metas de enfermería

ISSN: 1138-7262

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 22

Issue: 4

Pages: 10-18

Type: Article

DOI: 10.35667/METASENF.2019.22.1003081405 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Metas de enfermería


Objective: to describe those complementary therapies (CTs) reported by the population as more widely known, occasionally experienced, or regularly used, and to analyze the association between their use and the level of education of the Burgos population. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, using non-probability quota sampling, based on level of education (n= 278). A 13-question questionnaire was designed ad hoc and administered; there was a previous pilot test, and it included sociodemographical variables and those associated with the level of experience with complementary therapies (knowledge, occasional experience or regular use). Descriptive indexes and bivariate analysis were conducted. Results: in total, 293 valid questionnaires were obtained. The most widely known and experienced CTs were yoga, acupuncture and homeopathy; 39.9% of the Burgos population were regular users. Statistically significant differences were found regarding the regular use of CT based on level of education, both in the overall data and for the following therapy groups: “complex comprehensive systems”, “handling and body-based practices”, “mind and body techniques”; this was higher among those with higher education (p< 0.05). Conclusions: CTs are experienced in a lower proportion than they are known; however, due to their potential impact on health, it is recommended to design educational interventions targeted to the population, in order to promote trust in evidence-based care.

Funding information

14. Australian Government. National Health and Medical Research Council. NHMRC Statement on Homeopathy and NHMRC Information Paper-Evidence on the effec-tiveness of homeopathy for treating health conditions. 2015.

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