Evaluación del funcionamiento familiar con el faces IV en adolescentes con problemática familiar

  1. María Isabel Vegas Miguel 1
  2. Raquel de la Fuente Anuncibay 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Burgos

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología

ISSN: 0214-9877

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 2

Issue: 1

Pages: 495-504

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17060/IJODAEP.2020.N1.V2.1872 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor


Introduction: Multiproblematic families have received increasing attention by public authorities, although there is a lack of specific instruments to assess its functioning. This paper proposes Olson’s Circumflex model (FACES package) as an effective evaluation instrument for this group. Method: The sample consisted of 49 Spanish teenagers from problematic families, aged between 14 and 18, whose results in family functioning (FACES-IV), family communication (FCS), family satisfaction (FSS), time shared with parents, times a week they eat with family, family stressors and physical abuse suffered, were compared with a sample of 857 adolescents from 22 educative centres in Burgos (Spain), selected by a two-stage sampling. Altogether 46.5% men and 53.5% women. Results: teenagers from problematic families show less family cohesion, less flexibility, less communication, less family satisfaction and their families are more disengaged and more chaotic than adolescents from general population. They are also characterized by the lack of availability of the father, by eating fewer times in family, by having suffered more physical abuse and by the economic difficulties and family conflicts being their main family stressors. Conclusion: the FACES IV package is an effective instrument for detection and evaluation of problematic families and can be applied to Spanish adolescents from a broad social and family spectrum.

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