Diferentes actitudes hacia la sexualidad entre estudiantes de Enfermería de primero y cuarto curso

  1. Laura Alonso Martínez 1
  2. Davinia Heras Sevilla 1
  3. Lucy Charilaou 2
  4. Jesús Puente Alcaraz 1
  5. María Fernández-Hawrylak 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Burgos
    info

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

  2. 2 Sistema Nacional de Salud (NHS) South Tyneside and Sunderland Foundation Trust de Reino Unido
Revista:
Enfermería global: Revista electrónica trimestral de enfermería

ISSN: 1695-6141

Ano de publicación: 2022

Volume: 21

Número: 1

Páxinas: 473-503

Tipo: Artigo

DOI: 10.6018/EGLOBAL.474821 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso aberto editor

Resumo

Objective: To evaluate whether attitudes towards sexuality acquired by students during a Spanish nursing degree are sufficient for their performance in professional practice. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, and quantitative study based on a self-completion survey composed of standardized scales that compare sexual attitudes among 101 first-year students with 86 fourth-year students. The 187 nursing students, 24 men and 163 women were between 18 and 60 years old (Mage=21.21, SD=5.48). The evaluative instrument was an anonymous questionnaire that consisted of sociodemographic questions and two standardized scales: Attitudes Towards Sexuality Scale (ATSS-28) and Double Standard Scale (DSS). Results: Comparison between cohorts using the Mann-Whitney U test proved to be close to being significant in the ATSS, U=3625.50, z=-1.95, p=.052 and significant in DSS, U=3560.50, z=-2.13, p=.034. These findings indicate that fourth-year students have more positive attitudes towards sexuality and less rigid adherence to gender roles. In addition, a medium negative correlation, rs=-.307, p=.001, between ATSS and DSS was obtained, showing a positive association between attitudes and less adherence to gender roles. These results suggest that nursing degree training had a positive impact on sexual attitudes. Conclusion: Healthcare professionals are centrally involved in the care of patients and families. Nurses’ attitudes towards sexuality are important in terms of patient comfort and the accessibility and acceptability of care. Implementation of training in sexuality has a positive effect on nursing care and favours the establishment of global health strategies.

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