Impacto de la pandemia COVID-19 en la salud mental de profesionales sanitarios de los servicios de emergencias médicas extrahospitalarios españoles

  1. Raúl Soto Cámara 1
  2. Rosa María Cárdaba García 2
  3. Noemí García Santa Basilia 3
  4. M.Henar Onrubia Baticón 3
  5. M.P. Matellan Hernandez 4
  6. Susana Navalpotro Pascual 5
  1. 1 Universidad de Burgos

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España


  2. 2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    ROR 02p0gd045

  3. 3 Diplomada en Enfermería. Emergencias Sanitarias de Castilla y León-Sacyl. España
  4. 4 Licenciada en Antropología Social y Cultural. Emergencias Sanitarias de Castilla y León-Sacyl. España
  5. 5 Universidad Pontificia Comillas

    Universidad Pontificia Comillas

    Madrid, España


Metas de enfermería

ISSN: 1138-7262

Year of publication: 2023

Volume: 26

Issue: 4

Pages: 22-32

Type: Article

More publications in: Metas de enfermería


SCImago Journal Rank

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.112
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: Nursing (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 151/161

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2021)
  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact: 0.100
  • Field: ENFERMERÍA Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 13/43

Scopus CiteScore

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.2
  • Area: Nursing (all) Percentile: 4


Objective: to analyse the level of psychological impact on healthcare professionals from Spanish outpatient emergency services (OES) based on the cumulative incidence of COVID-19 in the autonomous communities (AA.CC.) where they were working, identifying potential factors to predict higher severity. Method: a multi-center cross-sectional descriptive study, including all healthcare professionals who were working in any OES within the Spanish geography between 02/01/2021 and 04/30/2021. The main variables were: level of stress, anxiety and depression, assessed through the DASS-21 scale. Sociodemographic, clinical and occupational information was also collected. Univariate and multivariate analysis of logistical regression was conducted. Results: the sample included 1,710 healthcare professionals; 37.39%, 39.36% and 30.46% of the participants presented severe levels of stress, anxiety, and depression, respectively. Women, those younger or with less experience of work at OES, the technical staff in healthcare emergencies, those who declared previous use of psychotherapy and/or psychotropic drugs, or those who modified their working conditions, presented higher likelihood of developing more severe levels of stress, anxiety or depression; these factors varied according to the geographical area (classified by the cumulative incidence of COVID-19) where they worked. Conclusions: the cumulative incidence of COVID-19 cases in the different autonomous communities has not determined the development of psychopathological levels of stress, anxiety and depression in healthcare professionals from the outpatient setting; however, sociodemographic, clinical or occupational factors have been detected in each one which predisposed them to a higher psychological impact.