Análisis de los Programas educativos sobre alfabetización en salud mental.Revisión documental

  1. Rebeca Zabaleta González 1
  2. Fernando Lezcano Barbero 1
  3. María Victoria Perea Bartolomé 2
  1. 1 Universidad de Burgos
    info

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

  2. 2 Universidad de Salamanca
    info

    Universidad de Salamanca

    Salamanca, España

    ROR https://ror.org/02f40zc51

Journal:
Revista complutense de educación

ISSN: 1130-2496

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 33

Issue: 1

Pages: 57-69

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5209/RCED.73696 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

Introduction. Education and mental health are closely related. Mental health literacy (MHL) education programs provide knowledge about mental health problems, their prevention, and seeking help. They also promote stigma reduction. The objective of this paper is to identify MHL programs described in scientific publications. Methods: Through the documentary review in the WOS and Scopus databases for the period 2000-2018 with use of Spanish and English terms, 355 articles are initially obtained. After screening them according to the inclusion and eligibility criteria, 44 articles are selected that describe 38 MHL educational programs. Results. According to the target group (students, teachers and other groups), the main characteristics (name, age of recipients, language, duration, methodology, country) of 38 MHL educational programs have been described. Discussion. The programs are very diverse in terms of typology, duration and methodological strategies. Direct contact with people with mental illness is a key strategy to combat stigma, despite its reduced use. The interventions are directed mainly to the adolescent population. Mental health can be promoted through a variety of strategies in educational centers.

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