Have we taken advantage of the quarantine to develop healthy habits? a cross-sectional analysis of the Spanish covid-19 situation by gender

  1. Gutiérrez-García, Aida
  2. Corbí, Miguel
  3. Alonso-Centeno, Almudena
  4. Del Líbano, Mario
  1. 1 Universidad de Burgos
    info

    Universidad de Burgos

    Burgos, España

    ROR https://ror.org/049da5t36

Revista:
Healthcare

ISSN: 2227-9032

Ano de publicación: 2021

Volume: 9

Número: 7

Páxinas: 1-15

Tipo: Artigo

DOI: 10.3390/HEALTHCARE9070844 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso aberto editor

Outras publicacións en: Healthcare

Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible

Resumo

The confinement caused by the COVID-19 pandemic led to changes in people’s lifestyles, which in part provided an opportunity to develop habits at home. The aims were: (1) to verify if the psychological well-being (PWB) of people related to healthy habits, and if physical activity (PA) and diet mediated this relationship; (2) to test if there were differences in this model of relationships between women and men; (3) to analyze if there were differences in healthy habits, PA, diet, and PWB depending on gender; (4) to test if there were differences in healthy habits, PA, diet, and PWB depending on living area; (5) and to assess if there were interaction effects of gender and living area in healthy habits, PA, diet, and PWB. Using a cross-sectional design, we obtained a sample of 1509 participants (18–78 years, 1020 women). Diet and PA fully mediated the relationship between PWB and healthy habits, and women developed more healthy habits than men, whereas men had higher levels of PA and PWB. We also found that people who lived in rural areas during confinement practiced more PA and had lower PWB levels than those who lived in urban areas. These results can help in the planning of strategies to promote healthy habits.

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